Betta Splendens, Siamese Fighting (Fighter) Fish | Fishkeeping


Definition of Betta Splendens - Siamese Fighting Fish - Siamese Fighter Fish:

The natural habitat of Betta Splendens (siamese fighter fish or siamese fighting fish) species is shallow and calm waters. They have an organ called labyrinth that enables them to survive in low-oxygen waters. With this organ, betta splendens, which can use the air from outside the water in their gills, can survive for a long time even in small puddles. Although Betta Splendens are fish that do not travel much and prefer to live close to the surface, these fish want to have enough space of their own like all other fish. In the planted tanks, fish will be happier. They are predominantly carnivorous. In their natural habitats, they mostly consume mosquito larvae, as well as creatures such as maggots and daphnia. Algae and other edible aquatic plants are not of interest. In general, adult betta splendens can reach a size of 5-7 cm (2-3 "). 

{tocify} $title={Table of Contents}

How Long Do Betta Fish Live?

Betta fishes have a lifespan of 2 to 7 years. The lifespan of bettas is directly related to the size of the tank and the water quality. Therefore it is not recommended to be kept in small tanks.

Betta Splendens (Siamese Fighting Fish)

What is Betta Fish Scientific Name And Classification?

Class Actinopterygii / Order Anabantiformes / Family Osphronemidae / Genus Betta / Species Betta Splendens 

Other Names for Betta Fish Siamese Fighting Fish, Betta, Beta, Betta Fish, Mexican Fighting Fish, Japanese Fighting Fish, Chinese Fighting Fish, Siamese Fighter Fish, Fighter Fish, Siamese Fish Fighting, Kampffisch, Siamesischer Kampffisch

Are Betta Fish Easy to Keep?

They are very easy to keep.

What is The Origin of Betta fish?

Their homeland is known as Thailand. Rice farmers are thought to be the first to domesticate this fish.

What Foods Can Betta Splendens Eat?

They are predominantly carnivorous. In their natural habitats, they mostly consume mosquito larvae, as well as creatures such as maggots and daphnia. Algae and other edible aquatic plants are not of interest. In the aquarium, their main diet should consist of specially formulated Betta pellets with minimal plant content. It can occasionally be fed with shrimp, daphnia, and bloodworm. It can be fed with frozen foods occasionally.

Betta Splendens (Siamese Fighting Fish)

What is Betta Fish Tank Compatibility?

Bettas are fish that are peaceful to races other than their own race. However, they can behave aggressively towards their own species. When a male betta meets a different male betta, it swells by opening its fins and exhibits aggressive behavior. Male Betta Splendens shouldn't keep with other male betta's or female betta's. Only during breeding periods, males and females should be kept in the same tank.

What Size Tank Should Betta Splendens Live in?

Although they are offered for sale in small tanks in many pet shops, they need more room. It is recommended that the fish tank is a minimum of 19 liters (5 gallons).

Betta Splendens (Siamese Fighting Fish)

What are Water Requirements for Betta Splendens?

They prefer a water temperature of about 24-28 ° C (75-82 ° F). If the aquarium is located in a cold environment, aquarium heaters are recommended.

Ideal levels for bettas would be neutral pH (7.0). However, Bettas are somewhat tolerant of pH levels. Generally, they can survive at 6.0 - 7.8 pH levels.

For Betta species, a water hardness of 4-10 °d is recommended.

How is the Behavior of Betta Splendens?

They are curious fish. They enjoy exploring every corner of the tank. They like to swim around live plants and caves. Bettas are fish that are peaceful to races other than their own race. However, they can behave aggressively towards their own species. When a male betta meets a different male betta, it swells by opening its fins and exhibits aggressive behavior. Male Betta Splendens shouldn't keep with other male betta's or female betta's. Only during breeding periods, males and females should be kept in the same tank.

How to Identify Betta Splendens Gender?

Male Bettas are more colorful and have much larger fins than females. Females have short fins and paler color. In females, the ovipositor appears just behind their ventral fins, a small white spot. A female's ventral fins are also shorter and thinner than those of a male.

How to Breed Betta Splendens?

They become adults from 6 months. Female and male bettas, which are kept separate at the normal time, are brought together at breeding time. A good quality diet with live food should be applied and the water quality should be restored one week before a couple is brought together.

Bettas reproduce by making nests from bubbles like many other labyrinthine fish. The male betta makes this nest on the water. Attached to a leaf or an above water plant, the male fish constantly protect this foam nest.

When the bettas ready to mate are released together, the female betta follows the male under the nest and begins to push the male. During these repulsions, the male betta surrounds the female and mating takes place. These hugs continue for 3-5 hours. In the beginning, no eggs are shed, but later on, eggs start to shed from the female. Most of the time, male and female fish collect the eggs together and carry them to the nest. The mating ends with the female betta's eggs being exhausted. It removes the female whose egg has finished, from the male nest. At this stage, if the aquarium is small, the female should be taken out.

The male continues to look after the eggs after the female is gone. She takes them in her mouth and mixes them. He collects the spilled eggs and carries them back to the nest. It prevents the dispersion of the nest by making new foams. He continues to do this day and night. For this reason, it is beneficial to light the aquarium in the evening. Eggs begin to hatch after 36 hours. After 48 hours, almost all of the eggs are opened. Hatchlings that hatch cannot swim normally. However, they may try to rise to the water surface vertically. In this process, the father collects the babies with his mouth and places them in the nest. Thus, the offspring both stay on the oxygen-rich surface and do not get tired of swimming.

After about two days, the cubs begin to swim horizontally. During this time, the food taken from the eggs of the offspring is depleted. The fry are ready to eat their first feed. This is the right time to separate the man. Although there are instances where the offspring and father live together until adulthood, it makes more sense to separate the male in case the male eats his offspring.

Live feeds such as infusoria, micro worm and artemia can be given to juvenile betas as first feed. Baby bettas do not accept dry feed until they are about 15-20 days old. Dry feed residues should not be used as they will spoil the water. In the first weeks, betta puppies are extremely sensitive to water values, so changing water has fatal consequences.


Do Betta Fish Sleep?

Betta fish, like all living things, sleep. However, betta fish sleep is very light. We have also included information about betta fish's sleep in our article titled "Do Fish Sleep?". You may want to take a look.

You may want to see our article about Fin Rot in Aquarium Fish Causes, Treatment and Prevention.
Aquariumpedia

We are aquarists like you. With years of experience in fishkeeping and our investigative nature, we are preparing articles for other aquarists on this blog. We love doing research on fishkeeping and sharing our research with you. pinterest youtube reddit email

Post a Comment (0)
Previous Post Next Post