Discus | Fishkeeping, Origin, Feeding, Water Requirements

Definition of Discus:

Discus known as the showiest freshwater fish. The male and female discus feed their fry with the mucous layer they secrete. Although it intimidates hobbyists with its frequent illness, suitable conditions will be provided and a healthy fish will give you long years of cruising pleasure. This fish species is difficult to keep. They can reach sizes of 15-20 cm (6-8 "). The life span of them is approximately 6-8 years. In the planted tanks, they will be happier. It is very enjoyable to watch their vivid colors in a live aquarium.

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What is Discus Scientific Name And Classification?

Class Actinopterygii / Order Cichliformes / Family Cichlidae / Genus Symphysodon / Species Symphysodon aequifasciatus 

Other Names for Discus Discus, King of the Aquarium

Are Discus Easy to Keep?

They are very hard to keep.


What is The Origin of Discus?

The homeland of Discus fish is the Amazon River in South America. Today, the discus fish fed in the aquarium environment has little to do with its ancestor in the Amazon River. The world market is dominated by fish of Asian origin, aquarium production.

What Foods Can Discus Eat?

They should be fed a high protein diet. In their natural environment, they feed on other fish juveniles/larvae, freshwater shrimps, crustaceans, flies, insects, and larvae, there are also different algae and algae in their menu that contain fiber, they are mainly foods containing protein. A juvenile / young discus needs 50-60% protein.

They do not have teeth, they consume their nutrients by grinding them with jaw grinders located towards the throat of their mouth, so the scientific name of discus, symphysodon, means jaw grinder, and they take its Latin name from here.

In the aquarium, they are usually fed with food specially prepared for discus.


What is Discus Tank Compatibility?

Discus fish are a delicate species and they are highly affected by bacteria. Large fish such as Angelfish and Plecostomus can be aggressive to them. Small fish such as Cherry Barbs, neon tetras, cardinal tetras, etc. can be seen as food, so care must be taken. They can be kept together with peaceful fish such as Corydoras spp.

What Size Tank Should Discus Live in?

It is recommended that the fish tank is a minimum of 210 liters (55 gallons). Water quality is very important for them, and it is recommended to feed them in large tanks to ensure water quality.

What are Water Requirements for Discus?

They can live between 26-30 ° C (79 -86 °F) In the aquarium, it is necessary to use a heater to maintain a constant temperature.

Ideal pH levels for angelfish would be 6.0 - 7.5 pH. The water hardness of 6-13 ° d will be appropriate. 


How is the Behaviour of Discus?

They are very social fish. Each discus is monogamous and usually travels together. Also, they love to travel in large groups. They are quite unique in taking care of their own fry. During the first two weeks, parents stay with their fry, ensuring that they feed easily. They reaches adulthood in a year.

How to Identify Discus Gender?

Gender discrimination is very, very difficult. It has been observed that there is a margin of error even in fish with exact predictions. Exact predictions can be made in fish that match and take out a tube. The tips of the dorsal and anal fins of male discus are sharper. Female discus, it is usually more rounded.

How to Breed Discus?

They lay flat eggs on a steep surface, protecting their fry. Healthy breeding can be achieved by growing 10 fishes that can be fed for production together and separating the fish that match them into a separate aquarium. It is difficult to get eggs from matching fish; more difficult to get puppies; It is even more difficult to raise hatchlings. Eggs are sensitive to even the slightest changes in water. When the cubs come out, the male and female look after the fry together. Fry feed by eating their parents' mucous membranes.


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