Corydoras Paleatus (Peppered Cory) | Caresheet, Feeding, Breeding

Corydoras Paleatus (Peppered Cory) is one of the most fed corydoras species in aquarium hobby. It is possible to come across this fish in almost many aquariums. It is a small fish species. It reaches a maximum of 7.5 centimeters. He has bone armor on his stocky body and head. It has two pairs of mustaches on its upper jaw. He uses his mustache to tear the ground and search for food. Its natural habitat is rivers, streams and small lakes in South America. It is very old to meet the aquarium hobby. It was first produced in Paris in 1878.

It has light olive green and bronze colors. Its green color is interesting. It has dark green and black spots on its body. Its fins are pale in color. Artificially grown can be albino or golden in color. Those grown in a natural environment have more vibrant colors.

Like other corydoras fish, it can suddenly surface and breathe from time to time. It is not a sign of trouble unless he does this very often. However, if it surfaced frequently and started breathing, it indicates a deterioration in water values. By checking the water values, it is necessary to make a partial water change at the first opportunity. The under eyes and the front of the dorsal fins are sharp like a razor blade. In this way, it is protected from the big fish swallowing it. However, care must be taken during use.

It is a peaceful species. He usually moves around and looks for food throughout the day. But sometimes it stays in place for a long time. It is more peaceful when living in a herd. Therefore, there should be at least 5-6 Corydoras Paleatus (Peppered Cory) fish in the aquarium.
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Corydoras Paleatus (Peppered Cory)

General Definition of Corydoras Paleatus (Peppered Cory)

Scientific Name: Corydoras paleatus

Habitat: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay

Difficulty: Easy

Height: Males at most 6.5 and females at most 7.5 centimeters.

Behavior: Peaceful

pH: 6.0 to 8.0

Temperature: 22 to 26 degrees Celsius

Water Hardness: 4 to 18 d

Aquarium Volume: Minimum 80 liters

Average Lifespan: 10-15 years

Floating Level: Bottom of the aquarium

Fish Compatible with Corydoras Paleatus (Peppered Cory)

It can feed on peaceful community aquarium fish. Killifish are compatible with livebearing, small tetras and dwarf cichlids. However, the water should be relatively cold. Because Corydoras Paleatus is not used to living in high temperatures. In other words, the upper temperature limits of the tropical aquarium should not be approached. There should be no large and aggressive species in the aquarium.

Corydoras Paleatus Aquarium

It spends its life mixing the bottom of the aquarium. Therefore, the base material should be sand or fine-grained pebble stone. If pebbles are to be used, they should not have sharp corners. It is beneficial to be dark-colored. Live plants or artificial ornaments can be kept in the aquarium. If the aquarium is made darker with plants floating in the water, the Corydoras Paleatus will be more peaceful. There should be lots of hiding places. Aquarium lighting should not be strong.

The water temperature should be kept between 22 and 26 degrees Celsius, but not above 27 degrees Celsius. Soft or medium-hard water is preferred. However, as long as it is not changed very often, there is no harm in making the water a little harder. The ideal pH is between 6.0 and 7.0. There should be no sudden changes in pH value.

What Does the Corydoras Paleatus Eat

Although the Corydoras Paleatus is active during the day, it mostly feeds at night. It is an omnivorous creature. Often it stays at the bottom of the aquarium, although it goes up from time to time. Therefore, it should be fed with ready-made food that sinks in the water. Tablet feed is produced just for this. It is beneficial to provide food variety with live feeds. Bloodworm, artemia, tubifex worm and white worm can be given from live food.

Gender Discrimination

The female Corydoras Paleatus is usually larger. Waist part is wider than men. These differences are better noticed when looking at the fish from above. The male's dorsal fin is significantly larger. The anal fin is more pointed than the female. Males are generally more colorful than females.


It is a species that can be produced in an aquarium. It is a relatively easy species to breed. It is sometimes even seen that they reproduce themselves without any intervention. However, a separate breeding aquarium should be set up in order for the fry to survive, and adult fish should be removed from the aquarium after breeding. They may tend to attack their own offspring.

Unlike other aquarium fish, it is beneficial to have two male fish for each female in the aquarium. There is no harm in having a high ratio of male fish. Rather, this increases reproductive efficiency. Live feeds such as bloodworm, artemia, daphnia and tubifex worm can be used to increase breeding desire. If there is no live food, frozen food can also be used.

The abdominal part of the female ready to reproduce grows and her mobility increases. A rash occurs on the anterior part of the abdominal and lateral pectoral fins. In this case, a partial water change should be made with colder water. A daily 25% water change will be sufficient. The aim is to lower the water temperature 2-3 degrees as in the rainy season. If the female does not lay eggs within a few days, the process must be repeated from the beginning.

At the beginning of reproduction, the male fish stands on the female and touches his back with his mustache. He tries to provoke the female by shaking himself. Finally, the fish takes the "T" position with the male's body on the female's nose and mate. Later, the female fish begins to lay their fertilized sticky eggs on a clean surface. This surface can be a bare aquarium floor, an aquarium filter or plants.

While the female fish lays its fertilized eggs, the male fish follows her. Mating will continue for about an hour until 200-300 eggs are fertilized. When finished, adult fish should be removed from the aquarium. Because they are starting to eat their own eggs.

Depending on the water temperature, the eggs will hatch in 4 to 6 days. Cold water can delay the hatching of eggs for up to 2 days. The fry should be fed with small grains. Juvenile artemia, micro maggots and juvenile fish food can be used. Water quality should be maintained by frequent partial water changes.

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